Table of Contents

October 28, 2020:  WTO Director-General selection process doesn’t generate immediate consensus

October 27, 2020:  WTO Dispute Settlement Body meeting of October 26, 2020 – no movement on Appellate Body impasse; U.S. appeals panel report on its imposition of tariffs on Chinese goods

October 26, 2020:  WTO Director-General selection – press reports EU, Japan join those supporting Dr. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala of Nigeria

October 26, 2020:  As November approaches Europe and the United States facing rapidly growing new COVID-19 cases

October 23, 2020:  China’s trade-restrictive actions against Australia – what they say about China’s compliance with notification requirements and the importance of market-economy conditions in global trade

October 22, 2020:  COVID-19 new cases over last 14 days pass 5,000,000 for first time on October 22

October 20, 2020:  Third Round of Consultations in Selecting New WTO Director-General – eight days to go, political outreach continues at high level

October 18, 2020:  Reform at the WTO – fundamental divisions continue on key issues for U.S.

October 15, 2020:  WTO remaining candidates for the Director-General position – questions and answers from the July 15 and 16 meetings with the General Council

October 14, 2020:  The effect of COVID-19 on the operation of WTO dispute settlement panels – Australia and others raise at September 28 Dispute Settlement Body meeting

October 13, 2020:  It is time for the U.S. and EU to resolve the longstanding disputes on subsidies to Airbus and Boeing

October 12, 2020:  U.S. commences two investigations into Vietnam under Sec. 301 of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended – on currency and on use of illegally harvested timber

October 11, 2020:  World COVID-19 pandemic continues to spin out of control – more than 4.3 million new cases in last two weeks

October 10, 2020:  U.S.-China Phase I Trade Agreement – first six months data on U.S. exports (March-August 2020) covered by the purchase commitments show China needing to triple purchases in next six months to meet first year commitments

October 9, 2020:  October 8th video discussion on WTO Director-General selection process following the announcement of two finalists

October 8, 2020:  Informal Heads of Delegation meeting at WTO confirms Nigerian and Korean candidates advance to third (final) round of consultations in selection of next Director-General

October 7, 2020:  Nigerian and Korean candidates advance to final round of consultations to become next WTO Director-General

October 6, 2020:  Selection of WTO Director-General – second round of consultations ends today, October 6

October 4, 2020:  Press article indicates EU members will likely support Nigeria’s Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala and Korea’s Yoo Myung-hee on Monday in second round of consultations for next WTO Director-General [Updated October 5, 2020]

October 1, 2020:  Thoughts on the Geneva Trade Week session entitled “WTO Dispute Settlement – Where Do We Stand?”

September 29, 2020:  An environmental read on the five candidates for the WTO Director-General slot

September 27, 2020:  In last two weeks global COVID-19 cases increased by more than 4.1 million as virus continues to spin out of control

September 27, 2020:  Korean trade minister travels to Europe to push her WTO candidacy; Moldova candidate endorses Kenyan candidate

September 26, 2020:  Additional materials on three of the remaining five candidates for WTO Director-General post

September 25, 2020:  Video discussion on WTO Director-General selection process

September 24, 2020:  WTO Director-General selection – block voting likely to ensure next Director-General is a female

September 22, 2020:  G20 Trade and Investment Ministerial Communique, 22 September 2020

September 22, 2020:  WTO reform – a push by the Secretariat for engagement by the Members; articulation of EU priorities

September 21, 2020:  OECD data on services trade and latest UNWTO World Tourism Barometer – continued drag of travel and tourism on global trade

September 20, 2020:  WTO Director-General selection process – what do results from first round of consultations suggest are key criteria for WTO Members in next Director-General?

September 18, 2020:  Trade elements of EC President von der Leyen’s State of the Union address at the European Parliament plenary on 16 September 2020

September 18, 2020:  Race for becoming the next Director-General of the WTO – five candidates advance; three are asked to withdraw

September 16, 2020:  WTO Chairman of the General Council to Announce Outcome of First Round of Consultations on the Candidates for Director-General this Friday 18 September 2020

September 16, 2020:  WTO panel decision in United States – Tariff Measures on Certain Goods from China increases the need for comprehensive WTO reform

September 15, 2020:  The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation’s 2020 Goalkeepers Report, COVID-19 A Global Perspective is a reminder of the critical importance of global collaboration

September 13, 2020:  COVID-19 cases increase in last two weeks, setting new global record for new cases in fourteen day period

September 12, 2020:  U.S.-China Phase I Trade Agreement – How is China Doing to Meet Purchase Commitments for the First Year; a Review of U.S. Domestic Exports through July 2020

September 9, 2020:  Making the WTO relevant to businesses and workers – the example of travel and tourism

September 7, 2020:  Race for WTO Director-General – additional material on The Rt Hon Dr. Liam Fox MP (United Kingdom)

September 6, 2020:  Race for WTO Director-General – additional material on H.E. Mohammad Moziad Al-Tuwaijri (Saudi Arabia)

September 5, 2020:  Race for WTO Director-General – additional material on H.E. Amina C. Mohamed (Kenya)

September 5, 2020:  WTO Director-General candidates – Nigeria’s Dr. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala and the United Kingdom’s Dr. Liam Fox generate potential controversy

September 4, 2020:  Race for WTO Director-General – additional material on H.E. Yoo Myung-hee (Republic of Korea)

September 3, 2020:  Race for WTO Director-General – additional material on Amb. Tudor Ulianovschi (Moldova)

September 2, 2020:  Race for WTO Director-General – additional material on Mr. Abdel-Hamid Mamdouh (Egypt)

September 1, 2020:  Race for WTO Director-General – additional material on Dr. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala (Nigeria)

August 31, 2020:  COVID-19 pandemic – loss of work in the first half of 2020 and projections for remainder of the year

August 31, 2020:  Race for WTO Director-General – additional material on Dr. Jesus Seade Kuri (Mexico)

August 30, 2020:  The global number of confirmed COVID-19 cases passes 25 million with more than 843,000 deaths – increased race to lock-up vaccine supplies

August 29, 2020:  WTO Dispute Settlement Body meeting of August 28, 2020 – how disputes are being handled in the absence of reform of the Appellate Body

August 28, 2020:  WTO Secretariat Information Note on COVID-19 and agriculture

August 26, 2020:  Recent Congressional Research Service report, Global Economic Effects of COVID-19

August 24, 2020:  USTR Lighthizer’s Op Ed in the Wall Street Journal – How to Set World Trade Straight

August 23, 2020 [updated August 27]:  The race to become the next WTO Director-General – where the candidates stand on important issues:  fisheries subsidies and e-commerce/digital trade

August 19, 2020 [updated August 27]:  The race to become the next WTO Director-General – where the candidates stand on important issues:  convergence vs. coexistence of different economic systems; possible reform of rules to address distortions from such economic systems – Part 2, comments by the candidates

August 17, 2020:  The race to become the next WTO Director-General – where the candidates stand on important issues:  convergence vs. coexistence of different economic systems; possible reform of rules to address distortions from such economic systems – Part 1, background on issues

August 16, 2020:  Is the world at the peak of the COVID-19 pandemic?  Last two weeks suggest a peaking of the growth of global infections may be at hand

August 15, 2020:  Food security and COVID-19 – how World Trade Organization Members could fill a pressing need

August 13, 2020 [updated August 27]:  The race to become the next WTO Director-General – where candidates are on important issues:  eligibility for special and differential treatment/self selection as a developing country

August 10, 2020 [updated August 27]:  The race to become the next WTO Director-General – where candidates are on important issues:  reform of the Appellate Body

August 9, 2020:  USTR Lighthizer on WTO dispute settlement – answers to Congressional questions from June 17 hearings

August 8, 2020:  U.S.-China Phase 1 trade agreement – review of U.S. domestic exports through June 2020

August 5, 2020:  COVID-19 – adverse effects on gender equality and trade’s role in limiting the adverse effects on women

August 4, 2020:  U.S. Senate Finance Committee hearing on WTO reform:  Making Global Rules Work for Global Challenges

August 3, 2020:  World Health Organization July 31 meeting of Emergency Committee regarding the outbreak of coronavirus disease and July 30 note on public health considerations while resuming international travel

August 2, 2020:  Review of the COVID-19 pandemic – continued growth in cases and deaths, resurgence in some countries where COVID-19 had receded

July 31, 2020:  WTO selection of next Director-General – phase three process; no acting Director-General chosen

July 30, 2020:  Selecting an acting Director-General for the World Trade Organization – the road forward

July 29, 2020:  Selecting the next WTO Director-General – process for phase three and selection of acting Director-General may be decided on July 31

July 28, 2020:  APEC trade ministers’ virtual meeting on July 25 – Declaration on Facilitating the Movement of Essential Goods during COVID-19

July 27, 2020:  Pascal Lamy’s recent comments on the challenges facing the WTO

July 25, 2020:  A new WTO without China?  The July 20, 2020 Les Echos opinion piece by Mogens Peter Carl, a former EC Director General for Trade and then Environment

July 24, 2020:  WTO Director-General’s farewell address to the General Council while Members can’t agree on an acting Director-General

July 23, 2020:  Trade’s role in achieving the UN Sustainable Development Goals

July 21, 2020:  COVID-19 – the United States continues to spin out of control, with increasing shortages of medical goods; sharp increases in developing countries in the Americas and parts of Asia

July 19, 2020:  The eight candidates for WTO Director-General meet the General Council – recap of prepared statements and press conferences

July 14, 2020:  WTO Director-General selection process – this week candidates meet WTO Members in a General Council Meeting

July 12, 2020:  WTO Appellate Body reform – revisiting thoughts on how to address U.S. concerns

July 11, 2020:  WTO Director-General selection process – next steps

July 10, 2020:  U.S.-China Phase 1 Trade Agreement – limited progress on increased U.S. exports to China (through May)

July 8, 2020:  Saudi Arabia nominates Mohammad Maziad Al-Tuwaijri as candidate for WTO Director-General

July 8, 2020:  United Kingdom press release on Liam Fox’s nomination as candidate for WTO Director-General

July 8, 2020:  Liam Fox of the United Kingdom to be nominated by UK for post of WTO Director-General

July 7, 2020:  WTO Director-General nominations – Kenya puts forward Amb. Amina C. Mohamed as a candidate

July 7, 2020:  Who will be the next WTO Director-General? Nominating period closes in one day

July 5, 2020:  COVID-19 – the sharp expansion of new cases will put increased pressure on finding vaccines and therapeutics and complicate global economic recovery


July 2, 2020:  WTO Dispute Settlement – how to handle allegations that an Appellate Body member is affiliated with a government and hence not properly an Appellate Body member

July 1, 2020:  COVID-19 — EU move to permit some international trade in addition to intra-EU travel, effects on tourism

June 29, 2020:  WTO Dispute Settlement – With Appellate Body currently non-operational, AB Secretariat personnel have been shifted to other divisions

June 29, 2020:  EC Trade Commissioner Phil Hogan withdraws his name from consideration for WTO Director-General

June 29, 2020:  Update on fisheries subsidies draft consolidated text from June 25

June 27, 2020:  Chair of Rules Negotiating Group releases draft consolidated fisheries subsidies text at informal meeting on June 25

June 25, 2020:  Will the EC Trade Commissioner Phil Hogan be nominated by Ireland for the WTO Director-General position?

June 24, 2020:  WTO receives Republic of Korea’s nomination of Minister Yoo Myung-hee for Director-General

June 23, 2020:  Republic of Korea to nominate Minister for Trade Yoo Myung-hee as candidate for WTO Director-General post

June 22, 2020:  Candidates for the next Director-General of the WTO – four and counting, an update

June 22, 2020:  COVID-19 – the global rate of increase of confirmed cases is surging

June 20, 2020: WTO possible actions to facilitate recovery from COVID-19 – the Ottawa Group’s June 16 communication

June 18, 2020:  U.S. approach to trade – USTR Lighthizer’s Foreign Affairs article and Congressional testimony on June 17

June 16, 2020:  Qatar’s WTO Dispute with Saudi Arabia – Panel Report Released on June 16, 2020

June 16, 2020:  WTO Search for a New Director-General — Moldova’s Tudor Ulianovschi is the Fourth Candidate Put Forward

June 13, 2020:  Recent World Bank and OECD Forecasts Show Deeper 2020 Economic Contraction, Need for Increased Global Cooperation

June 10, 2020:  WTO Appellate Body Reports on Australia’s Plain Packaging of Tobacco Products – Separate Views of One Division Member Merit Close Review

June 9, 2020:  WTO Appellate Issues Reports on Australia’s Plain Packaging Requirements on Tobacco Products – Last Reports Until WTO Appellate Body Reform Occurs

June 9, 2020:  WTO Director-General Selection Process – 3rd Nomination, Egypt Nominates Abdel-Hamid Mamdouh

June 9, 2020:  WTO Director-General Selection Process – 2nd Nomination, Nigeria’s Dr. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, Received on June 9

June 8, 2020:  Selecting a new WTO Director-General – “the game is afoot”; Mexico’s Jesus Seade Kuri is the first nominee

June 7, 2020:  COVID-19 – continued global growth of cases; shift continues to Latin America, parts of Asia and the Middle East

June 5, 2020:  U.S.-China Phase I Deal is Failing Expanded U.S. Exports Even Before Recent Efforts by China to Limit Certain U.S. Agriculture Exports as Retaliation for U.S. Position on Hong Kong

June 3, 2020:  Digital Services Taxes – New U.S. Section 301 Investigations on Nine Countries and the European Union

May 25, 2020:  COVID-19 – new hot spots amidst continued growing number of confirmed cases

May 22, 2020:  Continued stress in U.S.-China relations — reduced cooperation in multilateral fora

May 19, 2020:  WTO selection of a new Director-General – one individual from a developed country previously reviewed could shorten the process

May 17, 2020:  G20 Trade and Investment Ministerial Meeting – Meaningful Help for COVID-19 Response and WTO Reform?

May 15, 2020:  World Trade Organization – Search for a new Director-General

May 12, 2020:  U.S.-China Phase I Agreement – some progress on structural changes; far behind on trade in goods and services

May 11, 2020:  The COVID-19 pandemic – an update on shifting patterns of infections and implications for medical goods needs

May 7, 2020:  COVID-19 – U.S. International Trade Commission report on U.S. imports and tariffs on COVID-19 related goods

May 6, 2020:  COVID-19 – the race for diagnostics, therapeutics and vaccines and availability for all

May 6, 2020:  Update on food security amidst COVID-19 pandemic

May 3, 2020: Update on the collapse of travel and tourism in response to COVID-19

May 1, 2020: Food security – how will COVID-19 infections at meat processing plants affect?

April 30, 2020: The collapse of tourism during the COVID-19 pandemic

April 28, 2020: Shifting Trade Needs During the COVID-19 Pandemic

April 26, 2020: Oil and gas sector suffers declining demand, collapsing prices, expanded state involvement – skewed economic results damage much of the global economy

April 23, 2020: Food Security Complications from COVID-19 – Recent UN Information and G20 and WTO Member Statements

April 20, 2020: WTO dispute settlement in 2020 – forward movement or further crisis?

April 17, 2020: COVID-19 – G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors April 15, 2020 Communique and G20 Action Plan

April 15, 2020: Transparency on trade actions surrounding the COVID-19 pandemic

April 13, 2020: COVID-19 – OECD first policy brief on trade issues related to the pandemic

April 10, 2020: WTO and the challenges of scarcity – are there lessons from COVID-19?

April 6, 2020: COVID-19 – WTO report on medical goods; FAO report on food security

April 2, 2020: COVID-19, Recommendations from the ICC and from Global Services Coalition

April 1, 2020: Food security – export restraints and border controls during the COVID-19 pandemic

March 31, 2020: COVID-19 and the G20 Response

March 28, 2020: March 27, 2020 Agreement on Interim Arbitration Process by EU and 15 other WTO Members to Handle Appeals While Appellate Body is Not Operational

March 26, 2020: Export restraints vs. trade liberalization during a global pandemic – the reality so far with COVID-19

March 22, 2020: Coronavirus (COVID-19) and trade, how bad will declines get?

March 18, 2020: Trade liberalization with Africa – notice of intent from US to start negotiations with Kenya

March 14, 2020: China in the WTO – The U.S. View of China’s Compliance With Its Obligations

March 7, 2020: Impasse on the WTO Appellate Body – Any Progress Likely by the 12th Ministerial?

March 7, 2020: WTO Reform – U.S. Objectives from 2020 Trade Policy Agenda

February 28, 2020: Agriculture Reform and Liberalization – What is Likely for the WTO’s 12th Ministerial this June?

February 23, 2020: Potential U.S.-U.K. Free Trade Agreement – Potential Upside issues for the United States

February 22, 2020: Trade between the United States and the European Union – What Will 2020 Bring?

February 22, 2020: WTO Reform – Addressing The Disconnect Between Market and Non-Market Economies

February 15, 2020: The U.S. Modifies the List of Developing and Least Developed Countries Under U.S. Countervailing Duty Law

February 14, 2020: USTR’s Report on the WTO Appellate Body – An Impressive Critique of the Appellate Body’s Deviation from Its Proper Role

February 10, 2020: U.S. modifies its regulations to provide path for countervailing undervalued currencies in certain circumstances

February 6, 2020: Counterfeit and Contraband Goods – Issuance of A Presidential Executive Order on January 31, 2020

January 30, 2020: Brexit takes place at 11 p.m. London time on January 31, 2020

January 30, 2020: WTO Appellate Body Impasse – How and Why

January 28, 2020: U.S. Additional Tariffs on Imports of Steel and Aluminum “Derivative” Products – Presidential Proclamation 9980

January 25, 2020: WTO Dispute Settlement – January 24, 2020 Statement by Ministers at Davos, Switzerland on Interim Appeal Arrangement Amongst Certain Major Countries

January 23, 2020: WTO Reform – Developments from Davos and What Might Be on U.S. Agenda

January 19, 2020: U.S.-China Phase 1 Agreement – Details on the Expanding Trade Chapter

January 15, 2020: U.S.-China Phase 1 Trade Agreement Signed on January 15 – An Impressive Agreement if Enforced

January 14, 2020: WTO Reform – Joint Statement of January 14, 2020 of Japan, the U.S. and the EU

January 13, 2020: Fisheries Subsidies – Will the WTO Members Reach Agreement Before June 2020?

January 6, 2020: U.S.-China Phase 1 Agreement – What to Look for When the Agreement is Released on January 15, 2020 after the signing

January 4, 2020: Presidential Proclamation 9974 of December 26, 2019 – contains changes to countries eligible for aspects of Africa Growth and Opportunity Act, implements U.S. duty reduction commitments from U.S.-Japan trade agreement and other matters

January 2, 2020: U.S.-China Phase 1 Agreement; Opportunities and Challenges for U.S. Agriculture

December 28, 2019: WTO Reform – Will Limits on Who Enjoys Special and Differential Treatment Be Achieved?

December 19, 2019: European Union Moves to Authorize Retaliation in Disputes Where There is No Alternative to the Appellate Body Pursued

December 10, 2019: Revisions to the US-Mexico-Canada Agreement Gains Support of Labor and House Democrats

December 10, 2019: U.S.-Japan Trade Agreements to Go Into Effect on January 1, 2020

December 7, 2019: The WTO Dispute Settlement System – Closing Out 2019 and Implications for 2020

December 2, 2019: Additional Meetings of the WTO Dispute Settlement Body and Budget, Finance and Administration Committee set for December 3 and 5 in search of Resolution of Outstanding Issues.

November 30, 2019: The WTO Budget – Will There Be a Resolution in December?

November 24, 2019: With the WTO Appellate Body Becoming Dysfunctional on December 11, What Happens to Pending Appeals and Other Open Issues?

November 17, 2019: The WTO budget and the Appellate Body – Potential Fireworks at the end of 2019

November 16, 2019: USMCA – A Return to Bipartisan Trade Legislation?

November 12, 2019: The Continued Problem of Inconsistent Transparency at the World Trade Organization

November 12, 2019: Background Materials on WTO Appellate Body Reform Challenges – The Critical Issue of “Overreach”

November 9, 2019: The U.S. Trade Deficit – Data for First Thirty-Three Months of the Trump Administration (2017-Sept. 2019)

November 4, 2019: WTO’s Appellate Body Reform – The Draft General Council Decision on Functioning of the Appellate Body

November 1, 2019: The October 28, 2019 WTO Dispute Settlement Body Meeting – Another Systemic Problem Flagged by the United States

October 26, 2019: Two Initial U.S. Trade Agreements with Japan – What They Cover and What Will Follow

October 13, 2019: U.S.-China Trade – Some Possible Progress Announced on October 11, But a Long Road Ahead?

October 9, 2019: The World Trade Organization in Crisis – the Last Two Months of the Appellate Body Absent Reform Is Just One Example

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